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Height and Width property in CSS

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Height and Width property in CSS

Using CSS to design HTML webpages gives you an incredible level of power. You may incorporate beautiful colours, photos, and text to create stunning artistic displays. But those design prowess accomplishments also need to be structured for practical application.

A designer can use some of the CSS optimising properties in this situation. You will discover how to adjust width and height in this simple explanation. Overall, these two choices enable you to achieve the ideal aspect ratio for the visible HTML size. We can set the height and width value using length, percentage and auto.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<style>
div{
width : 100%;
height : 90px;
background-color: #ccc;
}
</style>
</head>
<body> <div></div> </body> </html>
Height and Width property in CSS

In the above example, you can see we set 100% width and the height 90px of a div element.

How to set height and width using CSS

The height and width of an element are set using the height and width parameters. Padding, borders, and margins are not included in the height and width values. It determines the padding, border, and margin of the element’s padding and width.

The CSS styling is where the HTML width and height are set. An example HTML file and CSS stylesheet will be used as a visual help for this instruction. You can pick your preferred text editor and copy the code to follow along.

The HTML sample code is presented here. Within the body, take note of the “div” tag. The adjustments to our styling will be directed at this div tag.

//HTML code
<!DOCTYPE html> 
<html>     
<head>         
<title>Width Height</title>         
<link rel="stylesheet" href="styles.css">    
</head>     
<body>        
<div>Codeshruta Box</div>    
</body> </html>

The CSS stylesheet can be created after the sample HTML has been defined. You can get assistance with setting up and linking a CSS stylesheet in our css syntax guide if you are unfamiliar with doing so.

In terms of general syntax, using the CSS width and height attributes is pretty simple. The intended property only has to be referenced by name, followed by a value. To see this in action, look at the sample below.

//CSS
div{
width : width value;
height : height value;
}

The width and height properties are set, as you can see. However, no value has yet been offered. Since you can set a variety of values for various parameters, this will be discussed in separate sections.

It should be noted that numerous elements can use the width and height properties to change the HTML content, even if the example is focused on an HTML div size.

height and width Values

The height and width of properties may have different values. The first one is auto. This is default. The browser calculates the height and width. Second is length defines the height and width of px, cm etc. Third is the % percentage that defines the height and width, the percent of the containing block and the initial sets the height and width to its default value. And last, the inherit height/width will be inherited from its parent value.

Comment Syntax In Css – Comments in CSS

Example

Using length Value

In this example, pixels will be used to specify the width and height attributes. The width and height parameters of the div below have been set to equal values of 50 pixels. When we used pixel in CSS, the word denotes to just the two letters “px. Also take note of the fact that there is no space between the letters and the numerical value.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<style>
div{
width : 50px;
height : 50px;
background-color: #ccc;
}
</style>
</head>
<body>
<div>Codeshruta</div>
</body>
</html>
Height and Width property in CSS

Using Percentages value

In addition to using pixels, percentages can also be utilised to assign values to the width and height parameters. The syntax is pretty simple because you just add a number and then the percent sign. There is no space in between the number and sign, just like with the “px” for pixels. See how the CSS code was modified to use percentages in the example below.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<style>
div{
width : 100%;
height : 100%;
background-color: #ccc;
}
</style>
</head>
<body>
<div>Codeshruta</div>
</body>
</html>
Height and Width property in CSS

max-width and min-width

max-width, It is used to specify the box’s maximum width. By resizing the browsers, its impact can be observed. min-width, It is used to specify the box’s bare minimum width.

The <div> above has a problem when the browser window is not wide enough to accommodate it. After that, the browser extends the page with a horizontal scrollbar. In this case, max-width should be used in order to optimise the browser’s handling of small windows. If you utilise the width and max-width properties on the same element for some reason, and the width property’s value is greater than the max-width property’s value, the max-width property will be used (and the width property will be ignored).

max-height and min-height

Similarly max-height, It is used to determine the box’s maximum height. The browsers can be resized to observe its impact. min-height, It is used to determine the box’s bare minimum height.

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Conclusion

Height and width properties in CSS play one of the major roles when we design our html code. We can adjust our section and image size using this property. I hope after reading this blog post you cleared all the doubts about height and width Property. If you still have any questions or problems, then don’t forget to write them in the comment below.

Thankyou for reading!

Written by : Vipin

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